Polyester (polyester, dacron, terylene):
Polyester is an important variety of synthetic fibers, and it is the trade name of polyester fiber in my country. Polyester fabric has high strength and elastic recovery ability. Therefore, it is durable, wrinkle-resistant and non-ironing. Polyester fabric has poor hygroscopicity and has a sense of stuffiness when worn. At the same time, it is easy to be charged with static electricity and stain dust, which affects appearance and comfort. However, it is very easy to dry after washing, and the wet strength hardly drops, does not deform, and has good wash and wear properties. Polyester blankets also have better heat resistance and light resistance.
Acrylic fiber is the trade name of polyacrylonitrile fiber in my country. Acrylic fiber has excellent properties and is called “synthetic wool” because its properties are close to wool. Although acrylic fiber is usually called polyacrylonitrile fiber, acrylonitrile only accounts for 90%-94%. This is because the fiber made of a single acrylonitrile polymer lacks flexibility, is brittle, and is very difficult to dye. In order to overcome these shortcomings of polyacrylonitrile, people use the method of adding a second monomer to make the fiber soft; adding a third monomer to improve the dyeing ability.
Nylon (nylon, polyamide fibre):
Nylon is the Chinese name of synthetic fiber nylon. The translated name is also called “nylon” and “nylon”, and the scientific name is polyamide fibre, which is polyamide fiber. It has good strength and abrasion resistance and ranks first among all fibers. The moisture absorption of nylon fabric is a good variety among synthetic fiber fabrics. Polyamide has poor ventilation and air permeability and is easy to generate static electricity.
Spandex is the trade name of polyurethane elastic fiber in my country. Spandex began industrial production in 1959. It mainly woven elastic fabrics. Usually spandex yarns and other fibers are spun into core-spun yarns for weaving. It can be used to make all kinds of underwear, swimwear, tights, jeans, sportswear, elastic parts of belts, etc. The clothing made of spandex is comfortable to wear, can adapt to the needs of the deformation of various parts of the body, and can reduce the sense of restraint of the clothing on the body.
Vinylon is the trade name of polyvinyl acetal fiber, also called Vinylon. Its performance is close to cotton, and it is called “synthetic cotton”. It is the most hygroscopic variety of existing synthetic fibers. Vinylon was made in Germany in the 1930s, but it is not resistant to hot water and is mainly used for surgical sutures.
Animal fibers mainly include: wool, mohair, rabbit hair, cashmere, camel hair, yak wool, etc. Among many blanket materials, animal fiber blankets are popular and a good one because of the price of animal fiber blankets on the market. It is also very expensive. Animal fiber blankets have a good warmth retention effect, are very soft and comfortable in contact with human skin, animal fibers are densely woven, good elasticity, and very durable.